Castration: With a lot of questions being asked about the future viability of bull beef systems and processor requirements changing, there have been some questions from farmers over the last few weeks on castration. For farmers operating a spring-calving steer-based system, now is the time to think about castration in male calves.

Where castration is to be carried out on farm without an anaesthetic, it needs to be completed before the animal reaches six months of age.