While food system sustainability is an issue for everyone and the choices they make, much of the ultimate actions still fall back on farmers and the choices they make, or the ones they are incentivised to make. Incentives come through three main mechanisms – output price, policy drivers and legislation.

Because farming systems have been placed at the bottom of the food chain for decades, financial sustainability will be the major driver to help with environmental issues. This may mean a higher price for farm produce, additional direct payments, opportunities to reduce production costs or some combination of these.