For spring-calving herds on programme farms, the aim has been to build up body fat reserves of cows during the grazing period and utilise these reserves during the winter to reduce feed requirements and costs.

Given the excellent grazing conditions experienced into late autumn, this objective was easily achieved during this year. To ensure these reserves are utilised and cows achieve a target condition score of 2.5 to 3.0 at calving, an individual feed plan based on silage qualities and quantities available has been completed.