Study the pie chart above and answer the following questions:

1. What was the number of fatalities caused by crushing?

Answer: five.

2. What percentage of deaths were caused by entanglements on farms?

Answer: 14%.

3. What is the plough used for in agriculture?

Answer: to turn the soil over and expose it to the elements, to bury the weeds, to improve drainage, to mix the soils, to kill pests and diseases.

4. What is the term used to describe the area left in a tillage field to allow the machinery to drive through?

Answer: tramlines.

5. What machine would be used to add nitrogen to the land?

Answer: fertiliser spreader.

6. How would the farmer know how much fertiliser to add to the land?

Answer: carry out a soil test.

Student activity

Suggest four possible negative incidents that could happen if the above tips are not adhered to when spreading slurry.

1. If the machinery is not checked regularly the tank could come off and cause serious harm.

2. If tyre pressure isn’t maintained the tyre may blow out and cause serious harm.

3. If the mirrors aren’t adjusted properly this may impair vision and a serious accident could occur.

4. Stopping each time to open and close gates on a busy roadway is a non-runner, serious accidents may occur if the rear lights aren’t working correctly.

5. Do not spread on ground that is sloped; the tractor may take off, the tractor may topple over and cause serious injuries.

Student Activity

1. What breeds of animals are shown in the video?

Answer: Hereford, Limousin, Simmental and Charlaois.

2. What is the feeding regime of the weanlings?

Answer: lactic acid silage, concentrates, mineral supplements.

3. What was the farmer dosing the animals for?

Answer: endoparasite and ectoparasites for example liver fluke, roundworm, lungworms and lice, fleas and ticks.

4. Name a type of bacteria that should be present in good quality silage?

Answer: lactobacillus or streptococcus.

5. What is the pH of good quality silage?

Answer: 3.8 to 4.2.

6. What is the purpose of a diet feeder on the farm?

Answer: to mix the concentrates, hay and straw, silage all together.