Two-year-old calving: There is always debate around two-year-old calving and whether it is worth the hassle. Teagasc research has shown that it’s a key driver of profitability and yet just 23% of heifers calve down for the first time between 22 and 26 months.

There are a few reasons for this – heifers not reaching target weights at breeding, fear of heifers not going back in-calf and a different group to manage around calving and grazing. Having heifers at 60% of their mature weight at breeding is critical but in a suckler system, this shouldn’t be a barrier.