It is well-documented that there is a significant labour shortage in certain parts of the agri-food industry. It is estimated that almost 2,000 operative level jobs in meat factories will be required over the next number of years while on-farm roles, such as on dairy farms, are plentiful.

Similarly, horticulture is an industry that is crying out for labour. It is estimated there is a shortage of between 1,800 and 2,000 workers in the horticulture industry each year in Ireland. The Teagasc report on Labour in Horticulture published in 2019 stated that there was a 14% vacancy rate across the sector, while an incredible 87% of all workers were employed at operative level.