Given the ambitious targets set in the Farm to Fork strategy to reduce fertiliser inputs by 20% and pesticide inputs by 50% by 2030 as part of the EU Green Deal, there is currently a big push towards “bio” products as sustainable alternatives for crop production.

Plant biostimulants, biofertilisers and biopesticides are terms discussed as alternative inputs for sustainable crop production but what do these terms mean, and what do these products do?