Probably the most critical place for hygiene on a farm is the calving area. The reason for this is that animals using this area are exposed and vulnerable. This is a dangerous combination when there is bacteria around.
Cows and calves are exposed to bacterial infections when in the calving area. The cow’s uterus is open before, during and after calving. This is the only time that the uterus is open – every other time it’s closed, save for when the artificial insemination gun navigates its way through. If the cow is calving in dirty surroundings, then there is a possibility that faeces and bacteria can make its way into the womb, causing infection.