Work by SRUC and Food Standards Scotland has demonstrated that the rate of antibiotic resistance remains steady and relatively low. For the second successive year, data was collected on commensal E coli cultured from the faeces of healthy livestock presenting at abattoirs in Scotland.

Once again, the levels of non-susceptible E coli from poultry and pigs were greater than those detected from cattle and sheep, but levels for each animal species remained relatively stable when compared with 2017.