Ram management: Breeding is under way or about to start in almost all breeding flocks. Management of rams can be more challenging than on lowland farms but the focus should remain on quick identification of fertility issues. Ideally raddling of rams will play a key role in early identification of any fertility issues and also in accurately predicting lambing dates.

It is not always feasible to flock hill ewes regularly to raddle rams on hill and mountain grazing and in such cases a practice often used is to raddle rams after the first cycle and monitor repeat rates. Alarm bells should sound if repeat rates increase quickly and exceed 15%. Changing rams between groups where single-sire mating will also help reduce the damage caused by ram infertility or subfertility while running rams in groups will also provide protection.