There are fears that a new requirement in the next CAP to define and map peatlands and wetlands will create a two-tier payment system for farmers.

As part of more stringent cross compliance, an additional Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC) will be introduced from 2023. GAEC 2 will dictate that there must be appropriate or minimum protection of carbon-rich soils. To facilitate these new rules, a carbon-rich soil will have to be defined.