Over the past few years, there has been increasing interest in multispecies swards (MSS) as a sustainable source of high-quality forage. A MSS is a mixture of three or more species whose growth characteristics complement each other resulting in improved productivity compared to when each species is grown in monoculture. The species selected for inclusion in MSS typically come from three broad plant groups:

1 Grasses, eg perennial ryegrass, timothy, cocksfoot.