Liver fluke: The threat of liver fluke is likely to be hugely variable between regions. The drought-like conditions in parts of the midlands and east during the summer months is likely to lower the risk of liver fluke in these regions in the coming months but care should still be taken not to get complacent and underestimate the threat posed.

In contrast, farms in the west and northern half of the country that have traditionally experienced significant fluke issues are likely to face the normal risks over the coming months. Many of these farms will be planning to administer a fluke treatment in the coming weeks before breeding starts.