This annual look ahead into the world of crop production and crop protection has probably never been so perilous.

A huge hike in fertiliser prices, increased energy prices, higher machinery operating costs, the need for additional working capital, uncertain grain price signals and questions over the availability and cost of chemicals all add to the challenges for 2022. And these are before one considers the challenges posed by nature as it fights back with resistance against the intervention of farmers in the control of weeds, diseases and insects.