Farmers Journal weekly podcast: Deadlines for payments applications
Ahead of Friday's deadline for BPS and BDGP applications, we round up experts for last minute advice - and we hear from the farmer facing €144,000 in tax to transfer his co-op shares to his children.

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The deadline to apply for the main farming support schemes under the new CAP is falling this Friday.

Last week, the Irish Farmers' Journal started a new series of live video broadcasts bringing experts around the editor's table to share the best technical advice. For the first edition, Justin McCarthy invited Brendan Gleeson, who oversees meat policy at the Department of Agriculture; geneticist Andrew Cromie of the ICBF; and IFA’s director of livestock Kevin Kinsella to discuss the Beef Data and Genomics Programme. You can also watch the entire show here.

This Friday is also the deadline to apply for the Basic Payment Scheme, and young farmers have every reason to make sure their forms are handed in on time, with a special top-up and some of them eligible to apply for entitlements from the national reserve. There is also a new support scheme for investment in their farm buildings opening this week. Macra na Feirme was one of the organizations that lobbied hardest to get dedicated support for young farmers: let’s hear from their president Seán Finan and their rural affairs manager Derry Dillon.

With beef breeding and farm payments very much in the news, John Egerton, one of the regular contributors to the Farmers Journal's “Farmer writes” column, shares his radical views on both issues.

Finally, Irish Country Living’s Money Mentor Peter Young talks to consumer editor Ciara Leahy about the tax implications when parents plan to transfer shares to their children - such as those spun out to them when their co-ops changed their corporate structures.

Listen to each item separately:

Missed the previous episodes of the podcast? Catch up below!

Episode 8 - 20 May 2015: Agribusiness Report launch and Balmoral voices

Balmoral Show special - Irish Farmers Journal business briefing

Episode 7 - 13 May 2015: Spring breeding and focus on Northern Ireland

Episode 6 - 6 May 2015: Weather, fertilisers, blogger and harvesters

Episode 5 - 29 April 2015: New beef scheme and blackcurrant rebirth

Episode 4 - 22 April 2015: Farm safety and crop growth update

Episode 3 - 15 April 2015: GLAS, Ornua results and social welfare entitlements

Episode 2 - 8 April 2015: Markets for Irish beef

Episode 1 - 31 March 2015: End of milk quotas

This week in photos: Carrigaline Macra Conference
Our top farming photos from the last week include Balymahon Mart and milking in Co Cork.

Bobby and Paul Young in Co Laois

Bobby Young and his son Paul rounding up ewes on their farm at the Heath, Portlaoise, Co Laois, before dosing. The ewes are being given Heptavac P Plus and will be housed in early December, before lambing begins in early January. \ Philip Doyle

Ballymahon Mart in Co Longford

Tom McCormack working at Ballymahon Mart. \ Philip Doyle

Mart worker Tom Price at Ballymahon Mart. \ Philip Doyle

John Bourke in Co Cork

John Bourke training some young calves to the automatic feeder on his farm at Ballyroberts, Castlelyons, Co Cork. John and his wife Mary milk 150 pedigree Holstein cows, with 25% calving in the autumn. Calving has nearly finished and the milk is supplied to Glanbia under the co-op’s winter milk scheme. Cows are still out by day, but are in by night on silage and maize. The fresh cows are on 8kg of meal, with the rest of the herd on 4kg. At present, the whole herd is producing 2.2kg of milk solids. \ Donal O’Leary

Padraic Niland in Co Galway

Padraic Niland, a sheep breeder from Chessy, Ardrahan, Co Galway, feeding his Texel ewes ahead of a forthcoming sale. \ David Ruffles

Carrigaline Macra na Feirme conference in Cork

Gerry Murphy of Met Éireann speaking at the Carrigaline Macra conference in Cork. \ Donal O’Leary

James Browne from Ballygarvan, Cathal Cashman from Glanmire and Seamus Reid from Glanmire. \ Donal O'Leary

Teddy Cashman from Whitescross, Katherine Lynch of AIB Patrick Street and Jimmy Hosford from Minnane Bridge. \ Donal O'Leary

Mark Geaney from Carrignavar, James Linehan from Whitechurch, Finbarr Hegarty from Carrignavar and William McAuliffe from Whitechurch. \ Donal O'Leary

Hickey family farm in Co Limerick

Jim Hickey along with his grandson John and dog Molly bring the cows in for milking at Inch-St-Laurence, Caherconlish, Co Limerick. Jim and his wife Betty farm alongside their son Michael running 160 cows. The herd is in by night and, weather permitting, they will stay out by day until the end of the month. Twenty percent of the herd are dried off and Michael plans to finish milking in early December, with calving due to begin in late January. \ Donal O’Leary

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Around the country in pictures

This week in photos: Carnaross Mart

This week in pictures: Cavan Mart

What is the most overlooked source of infection on all our farms?
2017 Nuffield scholar and dairy farmer Eamon Sheehan has identified a key source of infection on all farms.

An overlooked source of infection on all farms is water, Eamon Sheehan told the Nuffield Ireland conference in Castleknock on Friday.

“Water troughs grow a biofilm that harbour bad bacteria, putting constant stress on the animals,” he said.

Sheehan also showed the conference a picture of two dead birds he pulled out of a water trough on his farm and asked, “would you drink out of that?”

He treats his water with PIP Water Plus, introducing good bacteria to clear the bad bacteria.

His report is called Microbial management and its importance in the dairy and beef industry.

Antibiotics

The availability of antibiotics since the 1950s on farms has led to misuse and suggests that a lot of their prophylactic use is more of a crutch than a necessity.

To help agriculture meet the antimicrobial resistance challenge, he recommends:

  • That the government removes the 23% VAT rate on vaccines.
  • More milk recording should be carried out by farmers and the government could incentivise this or co-ops could have a bonus scheme for low SCC.
  • Milk culturing.
  • Reducing antibiotic use through better husbandry.
  • Selective dry cow therapy.
  • “Blanket dry cow treatment is illegal in most EU countries,” Sheehan said.

    “Less than 35% of dairy farms in Ireland milk-record, which is comparable to the Dutch in the 1950s. You need to be recording to do selective dry cow therapy because if it’s not done right it won’t work. It needs to be clinical.”

    Reduced SCC

    By milk recording and using selective dry cow therapy over the last three years, Sheehan has reduced the SCC on his farm.

    “The return to a pre-antibiotic era is the greatest threat to agriculture and would have devastating effects for us as an industry. We can show example through leadership in our industry by developing strategies for our own farms and getting involved in current strategies already put in place by industry.”

    Read more

    Nuffield conference: 'There is no threat larger than farmers themselves'

    Varadkar pledges income tax cuts and more forestry on farms
    An Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has addressed tax equality and the role of agriculture in climate change in a speech as Fine Gael party leader.

    An Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has promised to achieve tax equality between self-employed and PAYE workers and singled out on-farm forestry and the modernisation of Bord na Móna as priorities to tackle climate change.

    Speaking at the Fine Gael Árd Fheis in Dublin this Saturday, Taoiseach Varadkar mentioned existing tax and pension measures in favour of farmers and other self-employed workers, but added: "We're not done yet."

    Drawing from the experience of Fine Gael members surrounding him on stage, he first addressed the "hopes and fears for the future" of Kevin, a farmer from Co Leitrim.

    Full equality

    "Now we want there to be full equality for the self-employed and businesspeople when it comes to income tax," he said. "There’s no reason why someone who is self-employed should pay more income tax than those of use who are PAYE."

    The 2016 programme for government committed to increasing the earned income tax credit to €1,650 for the self-employed by 2018, but the recent Budget 2019 fell short of that, at €1,350.

    As he seeks to extend the confidence and supply agreement with Fianna Fáil, An Taoiseach pledged to close the gap if Fine Gael stayed in government.

    He also promised to increase the point at which people pay the top rate of tax to €50,000 for a single person, up from €35,300 in Budget 2019, in the interest of "fairness" for those earning average incomes.

    Transform some of our farms from carbon emitters into carbon sinks that produce timber

    Taoiseach Varadkar said Ireland had to move from "laggard to leader" on climate change. "We must and we will meet our 2030 targets for carbon emissions and renewable energy and we’ll do this by transforming Bord na Móna into a green semi-state generating renewable energy and managing waste rather than generating carbon," he said.

    Another key environmental measure will entail "investing in forestry to transform some of our farms from carbon emitters into carbon sinks that produce timber products which in turn help us to reduce plastics," he added.

    Brexit

    On Brexit, he supported the draft withdrawal agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK. "Let’s seal the deal and let’s get on to the next phase, which is managing the transition period and negotiating a new deep and close relationship with the UK," he said.

    Read more

    Farmers protest fresh forestry expansion in Co Leitrim

    Budget 2019: €200 increase in earned income credit for the self-employed

    Understanding your 2018 tax bill

    ‘Factories need to make a profit’ – An Taoiseach