Breeding: Most spring-calving farmers have started, or are about to start, the breeding season. The early spring this year shouldn’t sway your breeding start date too much. Higher-stocked and compact-calving farms shouldn’t be calving too early, even on dry land. There’s a lot of talk about bull selection and using more beef bulls to produce beefier calves, all for valid reasons.

However, we still need to breed efficient cows and I fear that this message may have been lost in the debate. Kilos of milk solids produced per kilo of cow liveweight is a very good measure of efficiency. The target should be to do 1:1 from a maximum of 10% of the total diet in meal.