EU tillage outlook: organic area on the up, prices to hover around €170/t
The outlook for the EU tillage sector is relatively positive, with prices to hover around the €170/t mark in the coming years.

EU cereal prices are expected to remain below the peaks of five years ago, but above the long-term average, at €168/t to €180/t in 2030, according to the EU's latest outlook report to 2030.

In the early years between now and 2030, prices are expected to be lower than in the longer term, especially for maize and barley, driven by ample global supply, low energy and input costs, and a relatively weak euro.

Barley and maize prices are expected to remain closely aligned.

Decline

Total agricultural land use in the EU is expected to continue its decline, though at a slower pace than in the past decade, to 176m hectares by 2030.

In line with this trend, the area of main cereals, permanent grassland and permanent crops are set to further decline in the period to 2030.

Meanwhile, the amount of land used for other arable crops and oilseeds is stabilising, while land used for fodder is increasing slightly.

Although overall agricultural land use is declining, positive yield developments are providing for an overall increase in production.

Protein crops

The report outlines that the domestic soya bean sector is set to continue expanding, albeit at a slower pace compared to recent few years.

Driven by a favourable policy environment, protein crops have recently experienced a strong revival.

Up to 2030, strong demand both for feed purposes and for human consumption, as well as the supportive policy environment, will further drive production growth of soya beans and protein crops.

This, together with some yield improvements, will lead to a further increase in EU production.

However, with a share of only 1.4 % of total crop area, the protein crop area will remain limited.

Feed demand

Demand for feed (from arable crops, fodder and pasture) should grow between now and 2030, despite mixed trends in animal production, according to the report.

The EU forecasts that total feed use should reach 275m tonnes in 2030 for compound feed (low, medium and high-protein content).

Low-protein feed is not expected to grow as sharply.

Higher demand for feed from locally-produced, GM-free and organic crops will positively stimulate domestic feed production.

The area under organic tillage is increasing, now standing at 7% across the EU.

Koen Mondelaers, from DG Agriculture, said that this could increase by up to 10% or more by 2030.

“There is a strong push for more organic and consumer expenditure on organic is growing,” he said.

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Grain markets: maize continues to take market share

How much carbon is in my milk?
Relating greenhouse gas emissions to each unit of agricultural production can help buyers choose the most carbon-efficient products, with Irish milk's carbon intensity the lowest in the EU.

Northern Ireland's Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) has published its carbon intensity indicators for 2016, showing that 1kg of milk at standard fat and protein content was associated with greenhouse gas emissions of 1.285kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

This is a reduction of one third on 1990 levels.

"Whilst milk production in the dairy sector has expanded by 66% since 1990, the total number of dairy cows over this period has remained relatively static, meaning this improvement has been driven by substantial increases in milk yield per cow," according to a DAERA statement . The carbon efficiency of milk has also improved faster than the rest of Northern Ireland's economy.

Republic

In the Republic, emissions from 1kg of standard milk amounted to 1.14kg CO2e. While there's no recent European comparison, a 2011 official study found the Irish carbon intensity of milk to be the lowest in the EU.

Meanwhile, 1kg of Irish beef was responsible for 11.58kg of emissions in 2016. Those values continue to improve every year.

Read a full explanation of the way greenhouse gas emissions are calculated in Thursday's Irish Farmers Journal.

The farmer's daily wrap: Delvin Mart canteen rodent problem and details of EID
Catch up with all the top headlines and get a look ahead at tomorrow's weather.

Weather forecast

Tonight will become quite windy, with freshening southerly breezes.

It will be predominantly dry, but there will be a few patches of rain and drizzle about.

Minimum temperatures of 5°C to 9°C, according to Met Éireann.

Tuesday will see a dry day in many central and eastern counties.

Rain will extend across most of Munster and Connacht by the afternoon.

Rain will then gradually spread eastwards during the evening, with some heavy bursts possible.

Highest temperatures of 10°C to 13°C in moderate to fresh south to southeast winds.

In the news

  • Problems with rodents have led to the closure of Delvin Mart canteen.
  • Information leaflets on new EID tagging regulations are to be sent out with Sheep and Goat Census forms.
  • Concerns mount as the clock continues to countdown to March 2019, when the UK is expected to have an approved exit plan in place and Theresa May has deferred a Brexit vote in the Commons.
  • Patrick Hurley of Carhoogarriffe, Leap, Co Cork, appeared at Kenmare District Court last week, accused of stealing cash from a 93-year-old Kenmare man.
  • The new assistant principal in Kildalton qualified in Wales and previously held the role of lecturer in dairy production.
    Vet practice pulled up for supplying ‘unauthorised’ products
    The veterinary practice has been issued with an improvement notice for the wholesale selling of unauthorised veterinary medicinal products.

    The Ballygawley Veterinary Clinic in Northern Ireland has been issued with an improvement notice after being found to be contravening a number of regulations.

    The Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) in the UK stated that it had found the practice to be supplying unauthorised veterinary medicine.

    There were no Republic of Ireland farms involved in the notice

    The VMD stated it had discovered: “Wholesale dealing of unauthorised veterinary medicinal products to other veterinary practice premises without a wholesale dealer's licence.”

    The practice had also been found to be supplying farms with veterinary medicine without sufficient evidence that the animals were under the care of vets or that a clinical assessment of the animals had been carried out.

    Although there had been some concern that sales of unauthorised veterinary products were travelling south of the border, a spokesperson for the VMD stated: “I can confirm that there were no Republic of Ireland farms involved in the notice concerning Ballygawley Veterinary Clinic.”

    Improvements

    The VMD stated that a number of improvements needed to be made by the practice.

    All wholesale activities must cease and all supplies of Singvac and Botulism Vaccine must have a valid special treatment certificate and must only be supplied to the named farm with the volume stated on the certificate.

    “All supplies must cease until such time as procedures have been implemented to ensure that all supplies occur in accordance with the certificates,” the VMD stated.

    Adequate records must be put in place to show that antibiotics prescribed to animals were needed, according to the VMD.

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