At least 197 calling male corncrakes have been recorded in Ireland in 2022, a 5% increase on the 188 birds recorded in 2021, according to the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) at the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage.
Birds were recorded from five counties, with Donegal showing a population of 110, Mayo 62, Galway 23, and both Sligo and Kerry recording one bird each.
Among the reasons for the increase is the Corncrake LIFE project, which aims to revive the conservation status of the corncrake and ensure it remains a part of rural landscapes for years to come.
The project, which is in its second year and is managing almost 500ha of farmland in co-operation with landowners and farmers across Donegal, Mayo and Galway, was launched earlier this year by Minister of State with responsibility for heritage Malcolm Noonan.
The heritage minister said this project has raised awareness of the corncrake among landowners, farmers and the public in such a positive way that it is now yielding an increase in the numbers of the bird.
“It’s testament to the project and its incredible work in the community that we are seeing a marked increase in corncrake numbers, especially on its eight project sites.
There is still considerable work required to save the corncrake
"The call of the corncrake was once a ubiquitous sound in meadows and grasslands across Ireland. However, rapid changes to farming practices in the 1970s spelled doom for the bird.
"Funding streams, such as the EU LIFE programme, and a change in farming has allowed my Department, working in conjunction with stakeholders in communities, to put measures in place to help secure the future of this species, which remains a high conservation priority at a national and European level,” he said.
Corncrake LIFE project manager Dr John Carey said: “We have made some good progress in getting conservation measures in place with project participants and the result-based scheme has had a positive response from farmers.
"Overall bird numbers have increased in the LIFE project areas too, with some areas showing significant increases.”
He went on to say the locally led ACRES co-operation projects will have an important role to play in 2023.
“We are working closely with them to ensure that farmers who select corncrake measures in the scheme will also have full access to the LIFE project and all the additional supports it brings with it. While numbers are moving in the right direction, there is still considerable work required to save the corncrake,” he said.
Minister Noonan also praised the Corncrake Grant Scheme, which is administered by the NPWS, for its role in the increase.
“It proved very popular this year, with many farmers choosing to delay mowing until August and September.
"Wildlife-friendly mowing and the provision of refuge strips in fields was also taken up by the majority of participants,” Minister Noonan said.