The EU’s dependency on imported plant proteins has been well documented. In 2017, the EU required around 27m tonnes of crude protein to feed its livestock sector. The region’s self-sufficiency rate varies substantially depending on the source (79% for rapeseed and 5% for soya bean, for example). As a consequence, the EU imports around 17m tonnes annually of crude protein of which 13m are soya-based annually.

These efforts are now likely to intensify under the Farm to Fork strategy, a key component of the European Green Deal